The academic staff of the Institute of Philosophy work in nine departments (see Authorities and Structure). Their philosophical interests include the following areas:
- History of Modern Philosophy, especially History of German (Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, Heidegger, Husserl, Gadamer), Spinoza, and British Philosophy (Hobbes, Locke, Shaftesbury, Berkeley, Hume).
- History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy
- Contemporary Philosophy: Postmodernism, Neopragmatism (Rorty), Frankfurt School
- Historiosophy of Modern Times, Social Philosophy, Philosophy of Politics
- Philosophy of Culture
- History of 19th and 20th century Polish Philosophy, e.g. Positivism, Twardowski, Czeżowski, Elzenberg, Lvov-Warsaw School
- Philosophical Anthropology (e.g. Scheler, Gehlen, Horkheimer)
- Axiology, Ethics, Ecological and Environmental Ethics, Bioethics
- Aesthetics (German, French, and British)
- Philosophy of Science, Methodology, Philosophy of Language, Sociology of Knowledge, Study of Science and Technology
- Theories of Mind and Cognitive Science
The results of research are presented in academic publications. The academic staff of the Institute of Philosophy publishes annually about 10 books, dozens of dissertations and academic articles (see New books by Academic Staff of the Institute). Also, separate book series are gradually developed.
Initially, the Institute issued two specialized periodicals, i.e. “Studia z Filozofii Niemieckiej” [In English: “Studies in German Philosophy”] edited by S. Czerniak and J. Rolewski and “Toruński Przegląd Filozoficzny” [In English: “Torunian Philosophical Overview” edited by J. Pawlak (the academic volumes titled “Filozofia” [In English: “Philosophy”] were published in the AUNC series until 1995).
Due to the active cooperation with the Institute, the quarterly of the Polish Philosophical Society titled “Ruch filozoficzny”, connected with Torunian background since 1946, has been published here since 2004, and “Studia z Historii Filozofii” [In English: Studies in the History of Philosophy] since 2010.
In cooperation with the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Philosophy (NCU) has also published “Studia Antyczne i Mediewistyczne” [In English: “Ancient and Medieval Studies” (since 2009, the earlier “Studia Mediewistyczne” [In English: “Medieval Studies”).